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  • Closed Process of Shale Oil Recovery from Circulating

     · as well as polluting the environment. This study aims to develop a closed process of shale oil recovery from the circulating washing water for the Fushun oil shale retorting plant. The process would increase oil yield and result in clean production. In this process oil/water hydrocyclone groups were applied to decrease the oil content in

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  • MODERN OIL SHALE PROCESSING FLEXIBILITY Improved

     · Oil shale Every oil shale is unique. Expect unique challenges No specific chemical formula No definite geological definition Broad term for fine-grained sedimentary rocks that yield "oil" upon pyrolysis 0.0 2.5 5.0 7.5 10.0 12.5 15.0 Jordan Wyoming Fushun Australia Utah) Shale Deposit Free Moisture Variability

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  • Geology of the Chang 7 Member oil shale of the Yanchang

    They refined the oil shale using a cracking process but the annual shale oil production was only 80–90 t and production was terminated because of water shortages and technological shortcomings (Bai et al. 2009). During 2000–08 several private enterprises attempted to initiate oil shale production using the Fushun Furnace a small low

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  • Dry distillationdefinition of dry distillation by The

    Microwave-Assisted Hydro-Distillation of Essential Oil from Rosemary Comparison with Traditional Distillation. In order for tar production to become a perennial innovation and be used as frequently as our estimates suggest Neanderthals must have been able to maintain the process of dry distillation as a useful technique for producing adhesives.

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  • CNAOil shale dry distillation recovery

    The invention discloses an oil shale dry distillation recovery technology comprising the steps the first washed dry distillation gas sequentially enters into washing segments of a gas saturation washing tower and an air saturation washing tower to be secondly washed and thirdly washed the washing water which flows out of the bottoms of the towers are statically layered the shale oil enters

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  • Current Status and Energy Analysis of Oil Shale s

     · The DG dry distillation process mainly processes oil shale particles with a shale particle size of less than 6 mm. After preheating and drying the high temperature coal powder in the semi-coke chamber is mixed in a mixing chamber. After mixing the shale temperature reaches about 600°C.

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  • PROGRESS IN EXPLORATION DEVELOPMENT AND

     · 3. Development of oil shale in China 3.1. The production of shale oil from oil shale The shale oil industry set up in Fushun of Liaoning Province in China in 1928 represents the country s first industry of this kind 5 . Since then the oil shale development in China has been continuing during more than 80

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  • UMATAC Industrial Processes Oil Shale What Is It

    Oil shale is a sedimentary rock containing a solid organic material called kerogen. Kerogen is a complex hydrocarbon molecule resulting from the gradual decomposition of organic residue from plant and animal life and can be thought of as a very immature form of oil and gas. Given sufficient time geologic forces could convert kerogen into

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  • Fushun surface mine to undergo major expansion (Journal

     · The Fushun West Open Pit mine in Liaoning province one of the largest surface mines in the world is being expanded to an annual production of 5 000 000 tons of clean coal and 8 000 000 tons of oil shale. Feasibility studies have been completed and work will begin immediately. Coal production is currently 3 500 000 tons per year.

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  • Mining and utilization of Chinese Fushun oil shale ee

     · Mining of Fushun Oil Shale Fushun west open pit oil shale has been mined for more than 90 years. The oil shale layer lies upon the coal bed it is the by-product of coal mining. Till now 489 million tonnes oil shale has been mined out. Due to thin overburden and gently dipping deposit Fushun west mine coal and oil shale are open-pit mined.

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  • FUSHUN DONGKE FINE CHEMICAL CO. LTD

    Paraffin Wax. Paraffin wax from oil shale oil or other mineral oil in some of the distillate of asphalt out of a mixture of hydrocarbons the main component is a solid paraffin odorless tasteless white or pale yellow transparent solid. It comes from crude oil distillation of the proceeds of the lubricating oil

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  • HYDROPYROLYSIS OF OIL SHALEAUN

     · duty on the onus of governments that have large proved deposits of oil shale to explore the various exploitation methods. In China as an example Fushun Oil Shale Retorting Plantcame into operation in 1992 under the management of the Fushun Bureau of mines. Its 60 retorts annually produce 60 000 tones of shale oil to be sold as fuel oil

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  • Development of an Oil Shale Retorting Process Integrated

     · The increasing demand of crude oil is in conflict with the shortage of supply forcing many countries to seek for alternative energy resources. Oil shale is welcomed by many countries that are short of conventional fossil fuels. China mainly uses retorting technology for shale oil production. Fushun-type oil shale retorting technology takes the largest share in the oil shale industry.

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  • A Review on Technologies for Oil Shale Surface Retort

     · Lump Shale Process Fushun Retorting Technology shale oil and dry distillation gas. Dry distillation gas is divided into three parts one part is send to low oil content and gas production. Kiviter Technology The Kiviter retort furnace developed by the Estonia is a

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  • PROGRESS IN EXPLORATION DEVELOPMENT AND

     · The oil shale of this mine is a thick continuous deposit (maximum thickness 195.5 m) with good quality and shallow burial depth and is suitable for open-pit mining. Fushun Mining Group has currently 220 Fushun furnaces in operation which process 100 tons of oil shale per day. The annual production of shale oil is about 500 000 tons.

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  • Journal of Physics Conference Series PAPER OPEN

     · 2.2 Fushun Process Operated in China Fushun type retorts as well as Kiviter generators are based on the use of gas heat carrier. Shale entering the retort moves in a downward direction contacting with hot gas. In semi- coking area shale temperature reaches 550oC. Semi-coke is

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  • Catalytic Hydrotreating of the Diesel Distillate from

    The oil shale process integrated with hydrogen production from retorting gas is recommended to the oil shale plants which use the oil shale with oil content lower than 12.9 while the plants

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  • Coaxing Oil from ShaleSLB

     · 1.1 billion tonUS of oil shale has been mined from the primary Estonia deposit (left).7 China has a significant history of oil shale min-ing as well with shale oil production beginning in the 1920s. In the Fushun area extensive shale lay-ers 15 to 58 m 49 to 190 ft thick are mined along with coal both from Eocene lacustrine deposits.

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  • Characteristics of Oil Shale Pyrolyzed by Superheated

     · Oil shale is a type of sedimentary rock containing kerogen 1 . Kerogen is distributed in the solid skeleton of oil shale in the form of a solid at room temperature. By heating oil shale solid kerogen can be pyrolyzed to produce shale oil and light hydrocarbon gas 2 . Oil shale is widely distributed throughout the world with vast reserves.

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  • AN OVERVIEW OF SHALE OIL UTILIZATION

     · Shale oil contains a lot of unsaturated hydrocarbons and non-hydrocarbon compounds as well. Fushun shale oil has higher nitrogen content than that of Maoming or Estonia while Estonia shale oil has higher oxygen content than shale oils from other sources (see Table 1). Mineral oils however contains in general smaller amounts of unsaturated hydro-

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  • Oil ShaleEOLSS

     · If oil shale is to be used in a surface retorting plant or in a power unit it must be mined and transported to these plants. Mining costs constitute a major share of the total production costs either for shale oil production or for power generation. Just like coal there are two mining methods underground mining and aboveground mining.

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  • The Chemistry of Shale Oil and Its Refining

     · Shale oil is a synthetic crude oil produced by retorting oil shale. Compared with petroleum crude shale oil is heavy viscous and is high in nitrogen and oxygen compounds. Shale oil has a rather high specific gravity approximately 0.9–1.0 owing to the presence of heavy nitrogen- sulfur- and oxygen-containing compounds. High

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  • CNAOil shale dry distillation recovery

    The invention discloses an oil shale dry distillation recovery technology comprising the steps the first washed dry distillation gas sequentially enters into washing segments of a gas saturation washing tower and an air saturation washing tower to be secondly washed and thirdly washed the washing water which flows out of the bottoms of the towers are statically layered the shale oil enters

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  • Journal of Physics Conference Series PAPER OPEN

     · 2.2 Fushun Process Operated in China Fushun type retorts as well as Kiviter generators are based on the use of gas heat carrier. Shale entering the retort moves in a downward direction contacting with hot gas. In semi- coking area shale temperature reaches 550oC. Semi-coke is gasified in the retort bottom at oCbymixture

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  • Exergetic life cycle assessment of Fushun-type shale oil

     · The process of shale oil production based on Fushun-type oil shale retorting technology is illustrated in Fig. 1 which is mainly divided into oil shale crush screening retorting cooling-separation

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  • Closed Process of Shale Oil Recovery from Circulating

     · as well as polluting the environment. This study aims to develop a closed process of shale oil recovery from the circulating washing water for the Fushun oil shale retorting plant. The process would increase oil yield and result in clean production. In this process oil/water hydrocyclone groups were applied to decrease the oil content in

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  • Li L Jian Liu Yide Gengkirj.ee

     · The pyrolysis process model of Fushun oil shale is described as Equation (1) 16 ) . (1) With the precipitation of pyrolysis products oil shale gradually becomes loose and porous which leads to changes in porosity and permeability. It is well known that oil shale permeability is closely related to porosity and the two are

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  • Release characteristics of Pb and BETX from in situ oil

     · Shale oil dry distillation gas and semi-coke shale can be obtained by low-temperature dry distillation 4. The properties of shale oil are very similar to those of petroleum 5 therefore

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  • Oil ShaleEOLSS

     · If oil shale is to be used in a surface retorting plant or in a power unit it must be mined and transported to these plants. Mining costs constitute a major share of the total production costs either for shale oil production or for power generation. Just like coal there are two mining methods underground mining and aboveground mining.

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  • Development of an Oil Shale Retorting Process Integrated

     · The increasing demand of crude oil is in conflict with the shortage of supply forcing many countries to seek for alternative energy resources. Oil shale is welcomed by many countries that are short of conventional fossil fuels. China mainly uses retorting technology for shale oil production. Fushun-type oil shale retorting technology takes the largest share in the oil shale industry.

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  • Physical principle and numerical analysis of oil shale

    According to the properties of oil shale the in-situ conversion process(ICP) technology for oil shale development was proposed.This technology has the advantages of low cost and less pollution which is different from the traditional technology for oil shale development.The weightlessness of high-temperature dry distillation and thermal cracking characteristics of oil shale showed that the main

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  • Oil ShaleNeaman

     · The annual shale oil production in Fushun is about 350 000 t. The total annual amount of oil shale processed is about 10 million t. Shale Oil Production Cost is 1500 Yuan/t (240 US /t) The ATP (Alberta Taciuk Process) unit was imported by Fushun Coal Mining Group and it

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  • Research on In-situ Oil Shale Mining Technology

     · The oil shale resource in the world is tremendous. As the statistics published by the Oil and Gas showed the reserve of the oil shale in the world is nearly trillion tons 3 which is far more than that of the petrol. Oil shale is often used as generate electricity heating and the production of shale oil and chemical products. In recent

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  • Applied Thermal Engineeringir.nsfc.gov.cn

     · The performance of the shale oil hydrogenation process is analyzed by exergy analysis. The results indicate that the exergy efficiency of the shale oil hydrogenation process is about 69.20 . The energy bottleneck is the furnaces and compressors because the energy consumption of these devices is 59 and 24 of that of the shale oil hydrogenation

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  • Oil Shale Processingan overview ScienceDirect Topics

     · 2 Description of Oil Shale Processing Shale oil processing is defined as an industrial process to which raw shale oil is subjected to extract oil from it—basically a process to produce unconventional oil. Because shale oil exists as solid sedimentary rocks its extraction is more complex than extraction of conventional oil.

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